Bioregionalism and the Future of Sustainability

Ernesto van Peborgh
7 min readFeb 9, 2024

Reconnecting with the Earth: The Call for Bioregionalism

In a world where globalization and technological advancements have brought us closer together than ever before, one might argue that we have lost touch with the very earth that sustains us. The relentless pursuit of economic growth, often at the expense of our planet’s health and the well-being of its inhabitants, has led to an existential crisis: How do we balance human progress with ecological sustainability?

Enter bioregionalism, a philosophy that may hold the answers to some of our most pressing environmental and societal challenges.

Bioregionalism is not a new concept, but it has gained renewed relevance in the face of climate change and the global environmental crisis. At its heart, bioregionalism suggests that political, cultural, and economic systems would be more sustainable and just if organized around naturally defined areas known as bioregions. These are not arbitrary political boundaries but areas defined by physical and environmental features such as watershed boundaries, soil, and terrain characteristics. What makes bioregionalism particularly powerful is its acknowledgment that the determination of a bioregion is also a cultural phenomenon, emphasizing local populations, knowledge, and solutions.

Consider Cascadia, a region that includes parts of Oregon, Washington, and the Alaska Panhandle, and extends into Canada. It’s a prime example of how bioregionalism transcends national boundaries, fostering a sense of identity and community that is deeply tied to the land. Similarly, the Ozarks Plateau, spanning several U.S. states, showcases the potential for bioregionalism to foster sustainable, resilient communities through local initiatives and conservation efforts.

Challenging the Global Economy: A Bioregionalist Perspective

The bioregionalist perspective challenges the homogeneity of the global economy and consumer culture, advocating instead for a model that aligns political boundaries with ecological ones, promotes local foods and materials, and encourages sustainability in harmony with the bioregion. This approach is not only about conserving the environment but also about building a society that is deeply connected to its natural surroundings, where economic and political systems support rather than exploit the ecological balance.

Bioregional mapping serves as a powerful tool for understanding, communication, and policy influence. By illustrating the layers of geology, flora, fauna, and human habitation over time, these maps tell a story of interconnectedness and interdependence. They highlight the unique characteristics of each bioregion and the importance of preserving its integrity for the well-being of all its inhabitants.

Critics may argue that bioregionalism is idealistic or impractical, but the growing number of transition towns, sustainable land management practices, and localized economies suggest otherwise. These small-scale examples demonstrate the potential for bioregional principles to improve community resilience, encourage sustainable living, and foster a deeper connection between people and the planet.

As we navigate the challenges of the 21st century, bioregionalism offers a vision of a world where humanity lives in harmony with nature. It’s a reminder that the planet is not a machine to be exploited but a living, breathing entity that sustains us all. By embracing the principles of bioregionalism, we can build a future that is not only sustainable but also just, democratic, and deeply rooted in a love for the land. In this future, communities are empowered to care for their environment, govern themselves in alignment with natural boundaries, and collaborate toward the common good. This is not just a dream; it’s a necessary path forward, and it starts with reimagining our relationship with the world around us.

Bioregional Planning: A Keystone of Regenerative Design

This ecosystemic concept transcends conventional planning methodologies by embedding itself deeply within the fabric of living systems — encompassing social, economic, and ecological structures. It is a holistic approach that seeks not merely to sustain but to regenerate and flourish.

Bioregional planning is not merely an environmental strategy; it’s a fundamental rethinking of our relationship with the planet. At its core, this approach acknowledges the irreplaceable value of community, the concept of “Commons,” and the power of collaboration. It’s about governance that fosters mutualism, care, and a profound sense of belonging. This is more than environmental stewardship — it’s about rekindling our love for the land and nurturing resilience in the face of global challenges.

Bioregional planning champions the idea that the solutions to our most pressing sustainability issues — social, economic, and ecological — are rooted in local wisdom and practices. It’s about understanding that our communities can be self-sustaining, not just in terms of food and energy, but in creating microclimates that bolster resilience and restore biodiversity. This is how we build a buffer against the expected impacts of climate change.

These elements are not viewed as separate entities but as interwoven threads in the tapestry of life, each reinforcing and being reinforced by the other. By fostering a deep connection with our bioregions, we cultivate a shared identity and collective responsibility towards the land that sustains us.

My vision of a bioregion is in perfect alignment with the principles of regenerative design, as well as the 11 vectors that underpin this approach.

It envisions a future where bioregions are self-sustaining in terms of food and energy, thereby reducing dependence on external resources and minimizing ecological footprints. This vision extends beyond mere self-sufficiency; it aspires to create microclimate resiliency, a crucial aspect in the face of escalating climate change impacts.

One of the fundamental strategies for achieving this resilience is through maintaining and restoring biodiversity within forests. Forests and Natural Biomes are not just carbon sinks; they are complex ecosystems that provide a multitude of services, from water filtration and air purification to habitat provision and cultural value. By enhancing biodiversity we bolster their resilience to human-induced pressures such as deforestation, pollution, and habitat fragmentation.

Bridging the Vision to Action: From Bioregional Planning to the Activation of Biohubs

The holistic vision of bioregional planning, with its deep integration of regenerative design principles and the pursuit of resilience through biodiversity, naturally paves the way for the emergence of Biohubs. As mentioned in previous articles, these centers act as vital nodes within the bioregional network, translating the broad, systemic strategies of bioregional planning into focused, actionable projects. By leveraging local wisdom and ecological insights, Biohubs become the physical manifestation of the bioregional vision, embodying the transition from conceptual frameworks to tangible, ground-level action. They are the crucibles where the ideals of community, sustainability, and ecological stewardship meet the practicalities of implementation, thus bridging the gap between the ecosystemic aspirations of bioregional planning and the dynamic processes of ecological and social innovation.

Biohubs serve as dynamic epicenters for bioregional development, pinpointing areas within bioregions that are primed for sustainable transformation.

Biocampuses as Knowledge and Research Beacons

Complementing the action-oriented approach of Biohubs, Biocampuses stand as the scholarly heart of bioregional activation. These institutions are devoted to advancing our comprehension of bioregions through a blend of academic study, research, and experiential learning. Offering curricula that cross the boundaries between ecological science, social sciences, and humanities, Biocampuses equip settlers with a holistic understanding of sustainability and bioregionalism.

The Synergy Between Biohubs and Biocampuses

The magic of Biohubs and Biocampuses lies in their synergistic relationship. Jointly, they create a vibrant ecosystem that bridges theory with practice and local action with global insight. This continuous loop of knowledge and innovation exchange ensures that insights are shared, refined, and applied in ways that mutually benefit the entire bioregion.

Moreover, by championing a collaborative ethos, these entities reinforce the sense of community and collective purpose among the bioregion’s inhabitants. They emerge as gathering points where individuals can connect, share knowledge, and collaborate towards shared objectives, embodying the core values of community care, mutual support, and belonging inherent in bioregionalism.


As we forge ahead into an uncertain future, the emergence of Biohubs and Biocampuses illuminates a path toward ecological stewardship and sustainable coexistence. By acting as acupuncture points for bioregions, they foster a revitalization of our connection to the land, promoting not only environmental sustainability but also a deeper sense of belonging and community. These centers of innovation and learning serve as catalysts for change, empowering individuals and communities to take actionable steps toward a future where economic, cultural, and environmental systems are in harmony with the natural world.

The transformative power of Biohubs and Biocampuses lies in their ability to bring together diverse groups of people, united by a common goal: to live in a way that respects and nurtures the earth. By providing spaces for collaboration, research, and education, they help to weave a new narrative of human existence, one that is rooted in the principles of bioregionalism and grounded in an ethic of care for our planet.

In this new paradigm, humanity no longer acts as a force of exploitation, but as stewards of the earth, working hand in hand with nature to create a sustainable and just world. The journey towards this future may be complex and challenging, but it is also filled with hope and possibility. Through the collective efforts of communities around the globe, guided by the visionary framework of bioregionalism, we can navigate the labyrinth of modern society’s challenges and emerge into a world where humanity and nature thrive together in balance and harmony. The path laid out by Biohubs and Biocampuses represents a crucial step in this journey, offering a beacon of light toward a sustainable and interconnected future for all.

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Ernesto van Peborgh

Entrepreneur, writer, filmmaker, Harvard MBA. Builder of systemic interactive networks for knowledge management.