Navigating the Paradox of System Design

Ernesto van Peborgh
6 min readFeb 14, 2024

Designing the Undesignable, Crafting Conditions for Emergence

In the realm of systemic design, a paradox exists at the very heart of our efforts to shape the world around us: while we strive to design systems that are regenerative and sustainable, the emergent nature of these very systems defies direct design. This paradox challenges us to reconsider our role as designers, not as architects of predetermined outcomes but as facilitators of conditions that allow for the potential and possibility of emergence.

Regenerative design, a concept that has gained momentum in the face of environmental degradation and societal challenges, offers a promising path forward. By its very nature, regenerative design goes beyond sustainability; it seeks to rejuvenate and restore, creating systems that can evolve and flourish over time. However, the crux of regenerative design lies not in the ability to dictate specific outcomes but in the skillful crafting of conditions that foster regenerative flows.

Understanding the Patterns and Principles of Living Systems

At the heart of effective regenerative design is a deep understanding of the patterns and principles that govern living systems. These systems, characterized by their complexity and dynamism, operate on the principles of interdependence, resilience, and a balance of feedback loops. Regenerative designers, by embodying this understanding, are equipped to create conditions that mirror the inherent wisdom of natural ecosystems.

By focusing on the capacity for resilience and the interbeing nature of ecosystems, designers can initiate regenerative flows that, over time, contribute to the sustainability of the system. This approach requires a shift from traditional design thinking, which often emphasizes control and predictability, to a more holistic perspective that values adaptability and interconnectedness.

Balancing Feedback Loops and Embracing Interdependence

A key aspect of designing for regenerative systems is the ability to find a balance between positive and negative feedback loops. Positive feedback loops, while driving growth and development, can lead to unsustainable practices if left unchecked. Negative feedback loops, on the other hand, serve as regulatory mechanisms that help maintain equilibrium within a system. By understanding and leveraging these feedback dynamics, regenerative designers can create systems that self-regulate and evolve in response to changing conditions.

Embracing the concept of interdependence is another critical element in regenerative design. Recognizing that all components of a system are interconnected and that their relationships are as important as the components themselves allows for the design of systems that are resilient and capable of regeneration. This approach acknowledges that the health and well-being of individual elements are intrinsically linked to the health of the whole system.

Embodying the Ecology of Becoming: The Transformative Journey of Regenerative System Designers

A regenerative system designer is an individual deeply versed in living system theory, systemic thinking, and complexity theory, embodying a unique blend of knowledge and perspective that sets them apart. They are in the midst of a transformative mind-shifting process, one that propels them towards the apex of Bill Reed’s regenerative graph below— positioning them in the top right quarter, where the highest level of regenerative practice is visualized.

This quadrant represents a space where designers not only understand the interconnectedness and complexity of systems but also actively contribute to their regeneration and flourishing. Their work transcends traditional design boundaries, aiming not just to mitigate harm but to actively improve and contribute to the health and well-being of ecosystems and communities. Through their deep engagement with regenerative principles, regenerative system designers become catalysts for change, orchestrating the conditions that allow for the emergence of systems that are resilient, adaptive, and inherently capable of regeneration.

Regenerative designers embody a profound journey — an ecology of becoming — that transcends conventional design thinking. This journey is rooted in the deep understanding and embodiment of the patterns and principles of living systems. This process of becoming is not merely intellectual but deeply experiential, requiring designers to live and breathe the very principles they seek to apply. Regenerative design transcends the concept of thinking “outside the box” — for regenerative designers, the box does not exist. This mindset reflects a profound shift from seeing elements in isolation to understanding everything as fundamentally interdependent.

The journey from being to becoming, from inter-being to inter-becoming, is a transformative experience that shapes the essence of regenerative design. It is through this transformation that designers align themselves with the thriving flow of life, becoming part of the very systems they aim to regenerate. This relational approach to design is inherently collaborative and co-creative, mirroring the dynamics of healthy, balanced, and thriving ecosystems.

In this context, regenerative system design is not just a methodology but a lived experience that informs every decision and action. It emphasizes the importance of relationships — not only between elements within a system but also between the designers and the systems themselves. Through this deep relational engagement, regenerative designers co-create with the natural world, fostering systems that are resilient, adaptive, and inherently capable of supporting life.

This holistic and integrative approach underscores the unique role of regenerative designers. They are not merely creators but facilitators, stewards, and participants in the ongoing evolution of living systems. Their work embodies a commitment to the health and well-being of the planet, recognizing that true regeneration is a collaborative endeavor that requires us to rethink our place within the natural world. By embracing this ecology of becoming, regenerative designers contribute to the emergence of systems that not only sustain but also enrich life on Earth

The Role of the Designer in Facilitating Emergence

The role of the designer in this context is not to impose a fixed vision but to cultivate the conditions that enable emergence. This involves creating spaces where new patterns can emerge, where innovation is nurtured, and where diverse stakeholders can collaborate and co-create. It’s about designing for possibility, for the potential of what could emerge, rather than attempting to predict and control the future.

This approach to design is both humbling and empowering. It requires designers to acknowledge the limits of their control and to embrace the uncertainty and complexity of living systems. At the same time, it offers the opportunity to contribute to the creation of systems that are truly regenerative, capable of adapting and thriving in the face of challenges.

Regenerative System Designers’ Deliverable is Capability

In the realm of regenerative ecosystems, the primary goal is not merely to create static structures or solutions but to imbue systems with the inherent ability to adapt, evolve, and thrive. This is achieved through a deliberate focus on designing conditions conducive to emergence, a foundational principle of systems.

The deliverable is Capability

Affirm thought leaders Bill Reed and Daniel Christian Wahl.

Capability is distinct from capacity.

By distinguishing between capacity — the ability to understand — and capability — the power to evolve based on that understanding — regenerative system designers prioritize a dual development approach. They engage in designing processes that cultivate an understanding of living system dynamics (capacity) and simultaneously empower those systems to apply such understanding in adaptive and innovative ways (capability). This nuanced approach ensures that the deliverable of regenerative design transcends conventional outputs, offering instead the gift of ongoing growth and transformation. By fostering emergent knowledge and building both capacity and capability, regenerative system designers contribute to the creation of living systems that are not only resilient and self-sustaining but also capable of contributing positively to their surrounding environments.


The impossibility of designing emergence directly does not signify a limitation but a liberation from the confines of traditional design thinking. By focusing on designing for the conditions that allow for emergence, regenerative designers play a crucial role in shaping a future where systems are not just sustainable but truly regenerative. This paradigm shift in design philosophy underscores the potential for human creativity and ingenuity to work in harmony with the principles of nature, paving the way for a world that is resilient, adaptive, and flourishing.

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Ernesto van Peborgh

Entrepreneur, writer, filmmaker, Harvard MBA. Builder of systemic interactive networks for knowledge management.